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【转载】人教新版九年级英语Unit4 I used to be afraid of the dark. 基础知识  

2014-11-24 09:50:44|  分类: 中学英语 |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

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Unit 4 I used to be afraid of the dark基础知识


Phrases(熟记版)


Section A

1. used to 过去经常;以前常常

2. be afraid of +n.\v.ing

  be afraid to do sth. 害怕()某事

3.be silent in class 在课堂上保持沉默

4. get good grades (考试)取得好成绩

  get good scores on the exam

5. be interested in.... 对……感兴趣

   be more \less interested in....

6. on a swim team 在游泳队

  on the soccer team 是足球队队员

7. from time to time 时常;有时

8. such a great idea= so great an idea.

          如此好的一个想法

9. see sb. doing sth. 看到某人在做某事

  see sb. do sth. 看到某人做了某事

10. take up doing sth. 开始从事某事

11. deal with 对付;应付= do with

12. dare to do sth. 敢于做某事

13. the whole school 整个学校

14. get tons of attention 成为人们关注的焦点

15. hang out with friend和朋友闲逛

16. be prepared to do sth. 准备好做某事

17. give up 放弃

18. the road to success 通往成功之路

19. fight on 继续奋斗

20. a small number of people 少数人

21. make it to the top 到达成功的顶峰

22. books on European history有关欧洲历史的书籍

23. give a speech in public 在公众面前演讲

Section B

24. all the time 一直 =day and night

25. be absent from classes 逃课

26. make a decision to do sth. 决定做某事

  = decide to do sth.

27. send sb. to... 送某人去.......

28. make friends 交朋友

29. advise sb. to do sth.建议某人做某事

30. in person 亲身;亲自

31. take a 24-hour train ride坐了24个小时的火车

32.take pride in .. 为……感到自豪

    =be proud of..

33. to one’s surprise 使某人惊奇的是……

34. feel good about oneself 自我感觉良好

35. no longer =not...any longer不再……

36 in the last\past few years 在刚过去的几年里

      37. give a general self-introduction

                       做一个概括的自我介绍

38. have a great influence on sb. 对某人影响很大

Phrases(自测版I)

Section A

1. 过去经常;以前常常

2. 害怕()某事

3.在课堂上保持沉默

4. (考试)取得好成绩

5. 对……感兴趣

6. 是足球队队员

7. 时常;有时

8. 如此好的一个想法

9. 看到某人在做某事

  看到某人做了某事

10. 开始从事某事

11. 对付;应付

12. 敢于做某事

13. 整个学校

14. 成为人们关注的焦点

15. 和朋友闲逛

16. 准备好做某事

17. 放弃

18. 通往成功之路

19. 继续奋斗

20. 少数人

21. 到达成功的顶峰

22. 有关欧洲历史的书籍

23. 在公众面前演讲

Section B

24. 一直

25. 逃课

26. 决定做某事

27. 送某人去.......

28. 交朋友

29. 建议某人做某事

30. 亲身;亲自

31. 坐了24个小时的火车

32.感到自豪

33. 使某人惊奇的是……

34. 自我感觉良好

35. 不再……

36 在刚过去的几年里

       37. 做一个概括的自我介绍

38.对某人影响很大


★★Sentences(熟记版)

1.      I used to be afraid of the dark.       我过去常常怕黑。

2.       Mario, you used to be short, didnt you? Yes, I did. 马里奥,你以前个子矮,对吗? 是的。

3.      I used to be short. He didn’t use to be popular in school.       我过去矮,在学校不受欢迎。

4. It’s been three years since we last saw our primary school classmates.

自从上次见到我们的小学同学以来已经有三年了

5.I used to see him reading in the library every day.我过去每天都看见他在图书馆读书

6. Candy told me that she used to be really shy and took up singing to deal with her shyness.

     Candy告诉我她过去害羞并且从事演唱来解决她的害羞问题

7. You have to be prepared to give up your normal life.你必须准备好放弃你的正常生活。

8. Many times I thought about giving up ,but I fought on.许多次我考虑放弃,但是我坚持奋斗。

9.I used to be nervous about tests all the time.What about you? 我过去总是考试紧张,你呢?

10. Finally, his parents made a decision to send him to a boarding school

                           最后他的父母作出了送他去寄宿学校的决定。

11.Now I understand that even though they are busy, they were always thinking of me .They take pride in everything good that I do. 现在我明白了尽管他们很忙,但他们总是想着我,并以我做的所有好事而骄傲。

12. It’s very important for parents to be there for their children. 父母陪伴在他们的孩子身边是很重要的。

★★Sentences(自测版)

1.  我过去常常怕黑。

 

2.  马里奥,你以前个子矮,对吗? 是的。

 

3. 我过去矮,在学校不受欢迎。

 

4. 自从上次见到我们的小学同学以来已经有三年了

 

5. 我过去每天都看见他在图书馆读书

 

6. Candy告诉我她过去害羞并且从事演唱来解决她的害羞问题

 

7. 你必须准备好放弃你的正常生活。

 

8. 许多次我考虑放弃,但是我坚持奋斗。

 

9. 我过去总是考试紧张,你呢?

 

10. 最后他的父母作出了送他去寄宿学校的决定。

 

11. 现在我明白了尽管他们很忙,但他们总是想着我,并以我做的所有好事而骄傲。

 

12. 父母陪伴在他们的孩子身边是很重要的。

 

 


Phrases(测试版I)

1. 过去经常;以前常常

2. 害怕()某事

3. 一直

4. (考试)取得好成绩

5. 对……感兴趣

6. 逃课

7. 时常;有时

8. 决定做某事

9. 看到某人在做某事

10. 开始从事某事

11. 对付;应付

12. 敢于做某事

13. 建议某人做某事

14. 亲身;亲自

15. 和朋友闲逛

16. 准备好做某事

17. 放弃

18. 感到自豪

19. 继续奋斗

20. 不再……

 

Phrases(测试版I)

1. 亲身;亲自

2. 害怕()某事

3. 感到自豪

4. (考试)取得好成绩

5. 对……感兴趣

6. 逃课

7. 时常;有时

8. 决定做某事

9. 看到某人在做某事

10. 开始从事某事

11. 在刚过去的几年里

12. 对某人影响很大

13. 建议某人做某事

14. 过去经常;以前常常

15. 使某人惊奇的是……

16. 准备好做某事

17. 放弃

18. 敢于做某事

19. 继续奋斗

20. 对付;应付


★★Sentences(测试版I)

根据汉语提示完成句子:

1.我过去常常怕黑。I ____ ____ be afraid of the dark.      

2— Mario, you used to be short, ________ you? Yes, I ___. 马里奥,你以前个子矮,对吗? 是的。

3.I ____ ____ be short. He _____use to be popular in school.        我过去矮,在学校不受欢迎。

4. It’s ____  three years _____ we last _____ our primary school classmates.

自从上次见到我们的小学同学以来已经有三年了

5.I used to ____  him _______ in the _______ every day.我过去每天都看见他在图书馆读书

6. Candy told me that she used to ____ really___ and took up _______ to ____ _____ her ________.

     Candy告诉我她过去害羞并且从事演唱来解决她的害羞问题

7. You have to ___ __________to ______ _____ your normal life.你必须准备好放弃你的正常生活。

8. Many times I _____ ________ ______ up ,but I _____ ____.许多次我考虑放弃,但是我坚持奋斗

9.I used to be_____ _______ tests all the time.______ ___ you? 我过去总是考试紧张,你呢?

10. Finally, his parents ______ ____ ________ to _____ him ____ a boarding school

                           最后他的父母作出了送他去寄宿学校的决定。

12.Now I understand that ______ _______ they are busy, they ____ _______ _____of me .They

 ____ ___ __ everything ___ that I do.

  现在我明白了尽管他们很忙,但他们总是想着我,并以我做的所有好事而骄傲。

12. It’s very important __ parents __ __ there __ their children.

     父母陪伴在他们的孩子身边是很重要的。

 

★★★单元知识点考察

单元词形知识

1. n. + ous →adj.  humorous adj. 有幽默感的→n.       幽默 danger危险adj.       危险的

2. tadj)为cen) silent adj. 沉默的→ adv. silently 沉默地 →n. silence 沉默,寂静

   important adj. → n.            different adj. → n.       

   confident adj. → n.        自信           adj. 缺席的n.absence 

3. n+ful-adj  help v.& n. 帮助→adj.        有用的,有帮助的

   扩展 use            care             thank             wonder          beauty         

4. Asia n.亚洲→adj.        亚洲的; Europe n.欧洲→adj.       ; Africa n.非洲 →adj.          

5.adj+ness--n  shy adj.害羞的→n.        6.deal v. →pt./pp.                  

7.Britain n. 英国→adj.         英国的,英国人的

8.speak v. 讲话 →pt.       →pp.      →n.        →n.      讲话,发言

9.fail v. 不及格,失败 →n.         10.exactly adv. 确切地→adj.       

11.proud adj. 自豪的,骄傲的→n.       12.        n.介绍→v.introduce

词法及句法

1. use v.& n. 使用,用途 →adj         有用的useless 无用的

 use sth. to do sth .用某物做某事                           农民用马干农活。

  used to do sth . 过去常常,过去曾经做某事。

   I used to sleep in class → 否定句                                         .

                      一般疑问句                        

  be/get used to(介词)+ n. / pron. /doing 习惯于                          . 我习惯早起。

跟踪练习(1) He____ ____ _______ ______ ______after school. 放学后他习惯去踢足球。

        (2) He ____ ______ _____ ________. 他过去不吸烟。

        (3)He used to play football. (改为一般疑问句,再否定回答)

        __________________________________________________________.         

       (4)They used to be workers, ____________?(反意疑问句)

2.help v.& n. 帮助 → adj.helpful有帮助的         无助的

 相关短语大总结help            在某方面帮助某人 help             请随便吃……

         help             帮助某人走出困境help             帮助某人做某事

                  help     在……的帮助下

3.It has been+一段时间+since+含有过去式的陈述句自…以来已经多长时间了”

                                     . 我在这里工作已经有一个半月了。           

4. from time to time =          有时,时常  一般现在时的标志。

5. see sb. do sth . 看见某人做了某事      指整个过程即:指动作经常发生或刚刚完成。

  see sb. doing sth .看见某人正在做某事 指当时正在进行的动作。

  及时精炼When I came into the school , I saw some boys     basketball on the playground .

    A.play        B.playing        C.plays         D.to play

  类似用法的单词还有hear sb. do sth. / hear sb. doing sth .watch sb. do sth . / watch sb doing sth .

6. be interested in sth/doing sth=take/have /show an interest in sth/doing sth.对某事/做某事感兴趣

7.19-year-old 十九岁的,复合形容词名词必须用单数 He is an                 boy . (八岁的)

8. take updoingsth . 开始做某事,学着做某事,从事

9. deal with “处理,应付”,常与     连用 do with 处理 常与     连用。

  I don’t know how to      with this math problem .

  You can solve it     listening carefully in class .

A do, by     B deal , by     C do , in     D  deal , with

10. dare 敢于胆敢:dare to do sth . 敢于做某事;当情态动词常用否定句、疑问句或条件句

    及时精炼 How did you dare       her about that ? ( tell )

11.imagine v. 想象 imaginedoingsth .类似用法的词还有                 

12.a number of +可数名词复数“许多,大量=many”做主语时动词为      

  The number of +可数名词复数 “……的数量”做主语时动词为      

  The number of the books in the library    3,000. A number of people     left early .

13. no more=notany more 不再……一般指动作或行为不再重复或发生。

   no longer=notany longer 不再……指情况或状态不再存在或延续。

   I am not young any longer.=                                   .  

   Sorry, I won’t do that any more .=                              .

14.require v. 需要,要求 通常不用于进行时,常用句型为;

   require sb. to do sth .要求某人做某事                        .他要求我保持沉默。

15. lonely adj. 孤独的,寂寞的,用作表语或定语。

   alone adj. & adv. 单独,独自 当形容词讲时 只能作表语(be alone)

   The old man lives       , but he doesn’t feel       .

16. advise v. 建议 n.          give sb. some advice 给某人提建议

          advise sb. to do sth . 建议某人做某事advise doing sth . 建议做某事

          The teacher advised us         more reading . (do)

17. fail v. 失败,不及格 n.      ;fail to do sth, 未能做某事

                                . 他未能在上海见到他的老师。

18.seldom adv. 不常,很少 表示否定含义。

   及时精炼 He is seldom absent ,        he ? A.isn’t      B.is     C.doesn’t     D.does

19. influence v.& n. 影响 influence on sb. / sth . 对某人/ 某物的影响

     have a great / good /bad influence on sb.对某人有很大/ / 坏的影响

                                . 她的这些朋友对她的影响很坏。

20.think of 考虑,想到 think about 仔细考虑

   What do you think of …?你觉得……怎么样?=                  …?用来征求对方意见

21. in the last / past +一段时间 “在过去的……里”用于现在完成时

   My life     a lot in the last ten years .A.change   B.changed  C.has changed  D.have changed

22.introduce v.介绍→n. introduction

   introduce oneself 自我介绍 introduce sb. to sb. 把某人介绍给某人

                               .校长把这位新老师介绍给了我们。   

23.take pride in.=be proud of…以…为荣

24. Candy Wang told me that she used to be really shy and took up singing to deal with her shyness.

                  坎迪?王告诉我,她以前真的很害羞,后来开始唱歌来应对害羞。

  take up开始从事; 占用; take up doing sth  开始做某事

      这张桌子占了太多空间。   The table ________ __________too much __________ .

 常见的take短语有:

   take care 当心  take care of  照顾; take part in  参加;   take off  起飞,逃脱;

   take away  拿走,带走; take out  掏出;  take turns   轮流;  take down  记下,写下;

   take place 发生;  take a walk 散步;  take a look  看一看

    I decide to _____ doing exercise to keep fit.   Atake up Btake off   Ctake out   Dtake away

25. You have to be prepared to give up your normal life.  你不得不准备放弃你的正常生活。

give up“放弃”,give up doing sth. “放弃做某事”。

give 短语:

  give in 屈服,让步;give up  放弃; give sb. a hand  帮某人忙; give away 捐献,捐出;

  give out 分发,散发;  give sb. sth. = give sth. to sb. 给某人某物。

  It was a difficult time for the quake­hit victims in Ya'an, but they didn't ________ hope.

    Agive up  Bgive off      Cgive in        Dgive out

26.  Only a very small number of people make it to the top. 只有一小部分的人能够成为佼佼者。

a number of意为“许多;大量”,number前可以用large, small等形容词修饰。

a number of

表示“许多;大量”,修饰可数名词。a number of…结构作主语时,谓语动词用复数形式。

the number of

表示“……的数量”,修饰可数名词。the number of…结构作主语时,谓语动词用单数形式。

_______ ___________ _______ students is fifty. 学生的数量是50  

Now the number of Chinese people working in Africa ________ more than one million.

  Ais  Bare      Cwas      Dwere

★★★★Grammar   used to 的用法

一、定义

  used to “过去常常”,用于表示过去习惯性的动作或存在的状态(强调与现在的对比,暗示现在不做了)。

其中to为不定式符号,后跟动词原形。used to只用于一般过去时态,没有人称和数的变化。

 例如:  Tom used to be very thin, but now he’s big and strong.  汤姆以前很瘦,但现在他又高又壮。   

二、句式

1. 否定句   sb+  used not  to do sth.            sb+didn’t use  to do sth. 

2. 一般疑问句  Did + sb + use + to do?   答语:Yes, sb did. / No, sb didnt.  

    Did you use to go to parks? 你过去常去公园吗?—Yes, I did. / No, I didnt. 是的。不是。 

3. 反义疑问句  sb+  used to do sth.didn’t + 人称代词  sb+didn’t use  to do sth, did + 人称代词?

   Your brother used to have noodles for breakfast, didnt he?  你哥哥过去早餐常吃面条,不是吗?

 三、辨析   

1.used to do sth. 表示过去习惯性的动作或存在的状态。to后跟动词原形,只用于一般过去时态。 

2.be used to + n./pron./doing 意为“习惯于……”,to是介词,后接名词、代词或动名词。可用于各种时态。 

3.get/become used to sth./doing sth. 意为“逐渐习惯于……”,强调这一习惯的过程,to是介词。 

4.be used to do  意为“被用来做……”,被动语态结构,to后跟动词原形。 

5.be used for doing sth 意为“被用来……”,介词for表示功能、用途。

Exercise I

II、用括号中所给词的适当形式填空。

1 .I used to            (get) up late. But now. I’m used to            (get)up early.

2. We            (know) each other since two years ago.

3. Mike is            (outgoing) than Jim.

4. He’s            (interest) in_________ (play) computer games.

5. Are you afraid of            (speak) in public?

III、单项选择。

(   )1. Her son       cokebut now he       milk.

       A: used to drinkis used to drinking      B. used to drinkingdrinks

       C. is used to drinkingused to drink      D. is used to drinkis drinking

(   )2 .Sally used to be_______but now she enjoys meeting and talking to new friends.

       A. active         B. silent         C. honest              D. outgoing

(   )3. Not only the young but also the old are getting interested      WeiChat (微信).

They can communicate more freely.  A. by                     B. in             C. about               D. for

(   )4. He_________ to play soccer_________ the school team when he was three.

       A. usesin      B. usedin  C. useson   D. usedon

(   )5. _________Mary use to play the piano? No_________.

       A. Didshe didn’t B. Wasshe wasn’t  C. Didshe wasn’t   D. Wasshe didn’t

(   )6.My grandma ________ me stories when I was young.

    Awas used to tell     Bis used to telling      Cused to tell     Dused to telling

(   )7.Your father used to eat meat, _______Adid you Bdidn't you   Cdidn't he   Ddid he

(   )8. ________ you use to play the piano?  ACan  BDo     CAre      DDid

(   )9.Uncle Wang ____a worker and he is seventy now. A. uses to  B. used to C. used to be D. was used to

(   )10.When I was a child, I used to ___chocolate.   A. liking B. like C. liked D. likes

(   )11._______ work in Microsoft? A. Did you used to  B. Did you use to  C. Do you used to  D. Do you use to

(   )12.Where ____ live before you came here?  A. did you used to       B. did you use to C. use he to D. he used to

(   )13.My sister used to have long hair,        ? A. used she B. didn’t she C. have she? D. did she

(   )14.He is afraid of _______strangers. A. see B. seeing C. saw   D. seen

(   )15.Guo Jingjing is ________ the national swim team.  A. on  B. to  C. in  D. Both A and C

(   )16.The teacher came in _______ a book under his arm.  A.by  B.with  C. for  D.carry

(   )17.Tina will be used to ________ in Quanzhou. A. Live  B. Living  C. Lives  D. lived

Exercise II

I、用括号中所给词的适当形式填空

1. You must be              (prepare) to get good scores.

2. He will              (require) a lot of money to run his business.

3. Don’t be so         (shy). You must find a good way to deal with your           (shy).

4 .The girl was afraid of               (speak) in front of a group.

5. My father used               (be) nervous about my study.

6. They               (walk) to school yesterday.

7. Are you interested in               (paint) pictures?

8. Tom’s sister is               (silent) than him.

9. It’s important for parents _____________ (be)there for their children.

10. Mr. Wang advised me _____________ (talk) with my son in person.

11. My mother’s words _____________ (influence) me all the time.

12. Please be _____________ (silence), I have something important to tell you.

13 .Students _____________ (require) to be polite to their teachers.

14. Because of the heavy rainhe failed _____________ (fly) to London on time.

15. Many strange things _____________ (happen) in the past two years.

16. Could you mind giving her a chance to_____________ (introduction) herself to us all

II、单项选择。

(   )1 .You can never imagine_________ difficult the road to success is.

     A. how                      B. what                C. when                D. why

(   )2. Don’t always worry_________ your problems.

     A. with               B. about                      C. to                    D. at

(   )3. Candy used to be _________, but now she dares to sing in front of her class.

     A. active             B. shy                  C. honest              D. outgoing

(   )4. He used to_________ short and _________short hair when he was young.

     A. havebe        B. bebe             C. behave       D. havehave

(   )5. If you tryI’m sure you will________.  A. made it   B. making it   C. to make it    D. make it

(   )6. They lived in a small village_________ .

     A. all the time     B. all the same      C. all this time      D. all this san

(   )7. She used to go shopping on weekend; but she does_______ have the time________ .

     A. nolonger     B. nomore         C. noany longer D. notanymore

(   )8. Mary is _________ girlshe lives with her mother.

     A. a 8-years-old   B. an 8-years-old    C. an 8-year-old    D. a 8-year-old

(   )9. I used to _________ the basketball team.

     A. on                  B. be to                C. be on                      D. be for

(   )10. Don’t be_________ ‘moneyI’11 help you.

     A. worry about    B. worried about    C. worry at           D. worried at

(   )11. _________ the waiter didn’t understand what the old lady was saying, he knew what she wanted.    A. Unless   B. Because of   C. Even though     D. Because

(   )12. We are often advised_________  at people in trouble.

     A. not to smile    B. not to laugh              C. to smile            D. to laugh

(   )13. He traveled for many hours_________ his uncle.

     A. visit                      B. visiting             C. visited              D. to visit

(   )14. Don’t wait for her to introduce _________ to us because she is so shy.

     A. her                 B. she                   C. you                  D. herself

(   )15._________ your mother_________  in town in the last five years?

     A. Doeslive     B. Didlive         C. Willlive            D. Haslived

(   )16. His teacher advised his parent_________  with their son_________  person.

     A. talkwith      B. to talkwith    C. to talkin            D. talkin

(   )17. How happy they are! They have nothing _________ .

     A. to worry         B. to worry about   C. worrying       D. worrying about

III、根据汉语意思完成句子。

1.我过去常打篮球。 I _________ _________ _________ basketball.

2.我过去是游泳队的一员。 I used to _________ _________the swimming team.

3.自从我大学毕业已经十八年了。 It _________ _________ eighteen years _________ I left college.

4.他过去和女生谈话时,脸常会变红吗?

  _________his face _________ to _________ red when he _________ to girls?

5.为了考试取得高分,他总是很刻苦。 _________ _________ good scoreshe is always _________.

6.我成名之后不再拥有太多的私人时间。

  I don’t _________much _________ time _________ after _________ popular.

7.现在我去每一个地方都会倍受关注。 Now I get _________ _________ _________ everywhere I go.

8.我不得不小心我所说的或做的。  I _________to _________careful about _________I say or _________.

9.他敢在群众面前唱歌。 He _________ _________ _________ in public.

10.我不得不准备放弃我的正常生活。 I have to _________ _________ to give _________ my _________ life.

11.他对学习不感兴趣并且经常缺席很多课。

  He was _______ _________ in studying and _________ _________ from many _________.

12. I ______ ____ _______ with my parents last night. (昨晚我与父母进行了一次长谈).

13. He used to _________ _________ _________ (他过去常常考试不及格).

Unit 4 I used to be afraid of the dark(缩小版,可粘贴到笔记本或者书上)


Phrases(熟记版)


Section A

1. used to 过去经常;以前常常

2. be afraid of +n.\v.ing

  be afraid to do sth. 害怕()某事

3.be silent in class 在课堂上保持沉默

4. get good grades (考试)取得好成绩

  get good scores on the exam

6. be interested in.... 对……感兴趣

   be more \less interested in....

6. on a swim team 在游泳队

  on the soccer team 是足球队队员

7. from time to time 时常;有时

8. such a great idea= so great an idea.

          如此好的一个想法

9. see sb. doing sth. 看到某人在做某事

  see sb. do sth. 看到某人做了某事

10. take up doing sth. 开始从事某事

11. deal with 对付;应付= do with

12. dare to do sth. 敢于做某事

13. the whole school 整个学校

14. get tons of attention

      成为人们关注的焦点

15. hang out with friend和朋友闲逛

16. be prepared to do sth. 准备好做某事

17. give up 放弃

18. the road to success 通往成功之路

19. fight on 继续奋斗

20. a small number of people 少数人

21. make it to the top 到达成功的顶峰

22. books on European history

      有关欧洲历史的书籍

23. give a speech in public 在公众面前演讲

Section B

24. all the time 一直 =day and night

25. be absent from classes 逃课

26. make a decision to do sth.   

  = decide to do sth.决定做某事

27. send sb. to... 送某人去.......

28. make friends 交朋友

29. advise sb. to do sth.建议某人做某事

30. in person 亲身;亲自

31. take a 24-hour train ride

       坐了24个小时的火车

32.take pride in .. 为……感到自豪

    =be proud of..

33. to one’s surprise 使某人惊奇的是…

34. feel good about oneself 自我感觉良好

35. no longer =not...any longer不再……

36 in the last\past few years

             在刚过去的几年里

        37. give a general self-introduction

                    做一个概括的自我介绍

38. have a great influence on sb.

                     对某人影响很大


★★Sentences(熟记版)

1. I used to be afraid of the dark.       我过去常常怕黑。

2. Mario, you used to be short, didnt you? Yes, I did. 马里奥,你以前个子矮,对吗? 是的。

3. I used to be short. He didn’t use to be popular in school.       我过去矮,在学校不受欢迎。

4. It’s been three years since we last saw our primary school classmates.自从上次见到我们的小学同学以来已经有三年了

5.I used to see him reading in the library every day.我过去每天都看见他在图书馆读书

6. Candy told me that she used to be really shy and took up singing to deal with her shyness.

               Candy告诉我她过去害羞并且从事演唱来解决她的害羞问题

7. You have to be prepared to give up your normal life.你必须准备好放弃你的正常生活。

8. Many times I thought about giving up ,but I fought on.许多次我考虑放弃,但是我坚持奋斗。

9.I used to be nervous about tests all the time.What about you? 我过去总是考试紧张,你呢?

10. Finally, his parents made a decision to send him to a boarding school.  最后他的父母作出了送他去寄宿学校的决定。

13.Now I understand that even though they are busy, they were always thinking of me .They take pride in everything good that I do.   

          现在我明白了尽管他们很忙,但他们总是想着我,并以我做的所有好事而骄傲。

12. It’s very important for parents to be there for their children. 父母陪伴在他们的孩子身边是很重要的。

★★★Grammar   used to 的用法

二、定义  used to “过去常常”,用于表示过去习惯性的动作或存在的状态(强调与现在的对比,暗示现在不做了)。

          其中to为不定式符号,后跟动词原形。used to只用于一般过去时态,没有人称和数的变化。

         例如:  Tom used to be very thin, but now he’s big and strong.  汤姆以前很瘦,但现在他又高又壮。   

三、句式   1. 否定句   sb+  used not  to do sth.            sb+didn’t use  to do sth. 

           2. 一般疑问句  Did + sb + use + to do?   答语:Yes, sb did. / No, sb didnt.  

               Did you use to go to parks? 你过去常去公园吗?—Yes, I did. / No, I didnt. 是的。不是。 

          3. 反义疑问句  sb+  used to do sth.didn’t + 人称代词  sb+didn’t use  to do sth, did + 人称代词?

               Your brother used to have noodles for breakfast, didnt he?  你哥哥过去早餐常吃面条,不是吗?

 三、辨析   1.used to do sth. 表示过去习惯性的动作或存在的状态。to后跟动词原形,只用于一般过去时态。 

           2.be used to + n./pron./doing 意为“习惯于……”,to是介词,后接名词、代词或动名词。可用于各种时态。 

           3.get/become used to sth./doing sth. 意为“逐渐习惯于……”,强调这一习惯的过程,to是介词。 

           4.be used to do  意为“被用来做……”,被动语态结构,to后跟动词原形。 

           5.be used for doing sth 意为“被用来……”,介词for表示功能、用途。

人教新版九年级英语Unit4 I used to be afraid of the dark. 基础知识 - 快乐英语 - 学好英语 改变人生

 

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